Crowns and Bridges

Restore normal function and strength

Cosmetic Dentistry in Carlisle, Cumbria


If a tooth is very heavily restored, has been root treated, or has broken badly it may benefit from a dental crown, instead of a normal filling. Crowns restore a tooth to normal function and strength, as well as beauty. Dental porcelain is the material most similar to natural tooth enamel and beautiful life-like restorations, blending with the surrounding teeth, can be created.

A crown is a covering which is cemented/bonded over a prepared tooth. A crown is usually placed to provide strength to a heavily restored tooth. Crowns may also be placed to improve the appearance of teeth. Crowns can be made from various materials: they may be made entirely of metal, metal and porcelain or compressed ceramic. By utilising the services of highly skilled technicians, crowns which look exactly like teeth and blend perfectly into your smile can be fabricated. We work closely with two labs, both providing a first-class service.

Clinical photographs will be taken and shades taken of your teeth, allowing a perfect match to be made.

Crown provision requires two appointments. At the first visit your tooth will be prepared and shaped and various impressions taken, as well as photographs and shade-matching. A provisional crown will then be fabricated and cemented. At the second appointment the provisional restoration will be removed, your final crown will be tried in your mouth and, with your approval, the crown will be cemented.

There is a risk with crown treatment of living teeth that the pulp tissue (the living part of the tooth) becomes inflamed and goes on to die. The tooth would then require root canal treatment or extraction. Studies indicate that approximately 4-8% of crowned teeth will suffer ill consequences over a ten-year period, following crown treatment. Crown treatment should therefore not be performed without thought being given to the risks, as well as the benefits, but this will be discussed in depth with you should crown work be considered.


Dental bridges can be utilised to restore the space resulting from the loss of a tooth, or teeth. They use neighbouring teeth to which they are cemented and are therefore fixed in place. They restore function, appearance and perform like natural teeth. Skilled technicians can create restorations that provide full function and beautiful aesthetics.

A dental bridge is a method of restoring a space due to a missing tooth within the mouth. A bridge is attached to one or two teeth beside the space. There are two main types of bridge. The first is classed as a conventional bridge and basically consists of a crown or crowns with an artificial tooth incorporated into the design. The bridge is then cemented into place using a strong adhesive. Conventional bridges involve preparation of the abutment tooth (the tooth, or teeth, which hold the bridge). As with crown preparation, this preparation does damage the abutment tooth/teeth and so there is a small risk (4 to 8% over a ten-year period) of future complications. The second type of bridge is termed an acid-etch bridge (Maryland bridge) and very minimal preparation of the abutment tooth is performed. A wing of metal is bonded to the abutment tooth. The risk with an acid etch bridge is debonding of the bridge. Should this happen, the bridge can easily be recemented. Acid etch bridges are not always the best choice, suitability depending on how your top and bottom teeth come together, how many teeth you have and if the potential abutment tooth is restored. As with all treatments risks and benefits must be considered.


Get in touch today and let us help you on your way to a healthy mouth

Lismore House Dental in Carlisle

Lismore House,
Lismore Street, Carlisle, CA1 2AH
T: 01228 528022

Mark Fortune B.D.S. 113720
Rebecca Fortune B.D.S. 113722
Lismore Care Ltd. 10292404
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